Used to & Would

Word of the Day: Imperative


imperative (adj., adv.) – something that is very important or urgent (an imperative assignment where ‘imperative’ is an adjective); to give orders or commands in an authoritative tone (“It is imperative!” where ‘imperative’ is an adverb)


If a person collapses and stops breathing, it is imperative to compress the chest firmly and to clear the throat of obstructions to breathing. Mouth to mouth in an instance such as this is no longer recommended, as pumping oxygen through the heart and into the brain is seen as the best way to prevent brain damage until emergency services arrive.

Auditory Context:

YouTube channel Emma Saying


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The Key Differences from Jargon and Slang

Collaborative Writing in L2 Classrooms

Channel View Publications and Multilingual Matters

Earlier in July we published Collaborative Writing in L2 Classrooms by Neomy Storch. Here, Neomy tells us what inspired her to write the book.

Collaborative Writing in L2 ClassroomsMy interest in collaborative writing; that is, the co-production of a text by two or more writers, arose unintentionally. As an ESL teacher I frequently used small group and pair work in my classes in order to encourage my students to speak in the target language (English). I also used short editing tasks to encourage my students to focus on grammatical accuracy in writing. When I began research towards my PhD dissertation, I experimented with different grammar exercises and short writing tasks that the students were asked to complete in pairs. As I listened and observed my students working in pairs on these tasks, I became aware that the act of producing a text jointly elicited greater engagement than oral tasks, and certainly more focus on…

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Have ELT brands become more important than ELT authors? Posted by Nick Robinson

Getting Ready

US allies Mexico, Chile and Brazil seek spying answers ~ BBC

Stop Making Sense

A woman burns US flags during a protest in support of Bolivian President Evo Morales in front of the US embassy in Mexico City, on 4 JulyBBC News

US allies Mexico, Brazil, Colombia and Chile have joined other Latin American nations in demanding answers from Washington over spying allegations.

Brazilian media reported earlier this week that the US had seized web traffic and phone calls across the region.

Spying targets included oil and energy firms, Venezuela’s military purchases and information on Mexico’s drug wars.


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History and Archaeology news – 2,000-Year Old Pyramid and Multiple Pre-Columbian Burial Sites Found in Veracruz, Mexico.

The Very Best of Tijuana, Mexico

Our Fostered Journey

What can I say to describe my experiences in Tijuana, Mexico? I think these pictures say a lot (click on them for a closer look!) God used Tijuana not only just to change my world view, but my whole life trajectory as well. I hope everyone can experience the very best of Tijuana just as I have as I share with you my experiences there.

Over the past seven years, I have been to Tijuana several times serving on house building mission trips. The ministry that we partner with there, Amor Ministries, actually didn’t start as a construction ministry at all. It originally was a ministry to the orphanages of Tijuana, but it was discovered along the way that many orphans had families in the area, but these families were sending their kids to the orphanages because they had a better chance there and many families couldn’t provide basic shelter and food…

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Vacation: Cancun Trip, Museo de la Maya & Lagoon

Kara Smedley Images


After an eventful evening, a 45 minute bus ride to the nearby seaside town of Puerto Morelos wasn’t in the cards.  I’d still love to see the Jungle Market someday, but I’m not so much of a planner so as not to recognize when a day of rest and relaxation is needed!   So we scrapped those plans and instead leisurely explored Cancun.

We ate breakfast at a small roadside tortilla stand called Emprequekas, a place I would visit 6 out of the 8 days there, and caught the bus to the Museo Maya de Cancun.

The museum has a great layout and balance of traditional displays and digital media.  Its location in the hotel zone is no accident- when ground was broken to construct a new hotel, Mayan ruins were discovered and so the location became the museum.  As you can see in the first photo, the ruins…

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