Grammar Guru

Idioma Extra

Comparatives and Superlatives.

Do you have trouble deciding when to use fastest or faster? Smallest or smaller? Read below to review the rules.

Forming regular comparatives and superlatives

  1. We use comparatives to compare two things or two people. (e.g She is taller than her husband.)
  2. Superlatives are used, however, to compare to show the difference between more than two things or more than two people. (e.g Paris is the biggest city in France)
  3. To form comparatives and superlatives you need to know the number of syllables in the adjective. Syllables are like “sound beats”.

For instance:

  • “find” contains one syllable,
  • but “finding” contains two — find and ing.

The rules to form comparatives and superlatives:

1. One syllable adjective ending in a silent ‘e’ — nice

  • Comparative — add ‘r’ — nicer
  • Superlative — add ‘st’ — nicest

2. One syllable adjective ending in one vowel and one consonant…

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